International Women’s Day is celebrated on 8 March every year. The United Nations have defined this particular day as internationally accepted. An unfortunate story lies behind the International Women’s Day, which started to be celebrated in 1921 in Turkey. Here is the unknown and sad story of International Women’s Day.
When the calendars showed March 8, 1857, women in the textile business in New York began to strike because of their long working hours, difficult working conditions and low wages. In these conditions, they were working for precisely 16 hours. The strike brought the sound and had a prominent place. Together with the strike, there was a workers’ solidarity among women. However, as stated in many sources, on March 8, 1857, the workers who struck were locked in the factory and lost their lives as a result of a sudden fire. A total of 129 people died, including most women in the fire. More than 10 thousand people attended the funeral of the workers.
Clara Zetkin, from the Social Democratic Party, proposed at the International Conference on Socialist Women, which took place in Copenhagen, 26-26 August 1910, that the day of the incident took place as the 8 March, International Women’s Day. Unanimously, this particular day was declared ” Women’s Day ”. In the first years, there was no specific time for today. So it was celebrated on different dates. The exact date of the 3rd International Women’s Conference in 1921 was set as 8 March. At the same time, the name of the day was changed to “International Women’s Day”.
Between the First World War and the Second World War, “International Women’s Day celebrations were banned in some countries. Celebration in the US after 1960 was the time when its validity began to be finalised. On December 16, 1977, the United Nations General Assembly’s acceptance of the celebration of today’s “8 March International Working Women’s Day” means that it is fully recognised.
In Turkey, “March 8, International Working Women’s Day” was celebrated for the first time in 1921 with that name. But the next celebration took place in 1975. After 1975, it continued to be widely celebrated. The celebrations overflowed from indoors to the streets. Turkey’s “United Nations Decade for Women” program of 1975 is not affected by the “Turkey 1975 Women’s Year” were conducted. Women’s Day was not celebrated for four years after the 12 September 1980 military coup. However, it continues to be celebrated every year since 1984