International Women’s Day has its roots in the labour rights movements, and 8 March is recognized by the United Nations as International Women’s Day. The foundations of March 8, which is the scene of popular protests around the world today, were laid in 1908, when the woman working in the weaving mill in New York demanded shorter working hours, higher salaries and the right to choose.
On March 8, 1857, women working as weaving workers in New York, USA started a strike in a textile factory demanding better working conditions. However, 129 women workers died as a result of the police attacking the workers and locking the workers in the factory, and after the fire that followed, the workers could not escape from the barricades set in front of the factory. More than 10,000 people attended the funeral of the workers.
Clara Zetkin, one of the leaders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 26 – 27 August 1910, at the women’s meeting of the 2nd International, in memory of the women workers who died in the textile factory fire on 8 March 1857, the ” International Women’s Day ” brought the proposal to be remembered as. This proposal of Clara Zetkin was unanimously accepted.
The name of this special day has been determined as “International Working Women’s Day”. International Women’s Day, which was forbidden to be remembered in some countries between the years of the First and Second World War, came to the fore in a stronger agenda with the beginning to be remembered in the United States at the end of the 1960s. The United Nations General Assembly accepted on 16 December 1977 that 8 March should be commemorated as “International Women’s Day”. In the section on the history of the day on the United Nations website, it was not written that the celebration was held in memory of the workers who died in New York.
Two main reasons were given as justification for this acceptance. These were: the need for women to enable equality and self-development in order to protect world peace, social development and exercise basic human rights. It was acknowledged that giving equal rights to women would strengthen world peace.
On the 86th anniversary of Turkish women gaining the right to vote and be elected, since 1934, one of the most important revolutions of the Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and giving Turkish women the ‘right to vote and be elected’ before all countries of the world, the women have It is celebrated as the Day of Rights. International Women’s Rights Day is based on the Olympe de Gouges Declaration of the Rights of Women and Women Citizens in 1791. The declaration describes the need for women to be equal with men in the legal, political and social spheres.
On this meaningful day; Expressing the problems related to women is very important in terms of raising awareness on this issue. Empowerment and encouragement of women, having a voice, education, employment, health, politics, law, etc. for a modern, democratic, advanced society. It is of utmost importance that they benefit from equal opportunities in their fields. granted equal rights to women, long before European countries, Turkey, March 8, International Women are now also celebrating the day.
8 March International Women’s day in Turkey was first celebrated as “working women’s day” in 1921. In 1975, and in the years that followed, it was more widely celebrated, and massed, moving from indoor spaces to the streets. With the influence of Turkey from the” United Nations Decade of Women “program, the Congress” Turkey 1975 year of women ” was held in 1975. After the military coup of September 12, 1980, there was no celebration for four years. Since 1984, “International Women’s Day” has been celebrated every year by various women’s organizations.